Nearly all of today’s Native Americans can trace their ancestry to six women

According to this open access PLoS One paper, 95% of Native Americans share their heritage to six women. I don’t have much time to review this paper because I have to take a final exam in 30 minutes, but here’s the title and link to the paper, “The Phylogeny of the Four Pan-American MtDNA Haplogroups: Implications for Evolutionary and Disease Studies.” The title is pretty self explanatory, a cladistic analysis of Native American mtDNA haplogroups was undertaken. The authors were able to trace 6 distinct branches of the phylogenetic tree that arose from different women. Of course that doesn’t mean that only six women made it across Beringia, but a significant portion of Native Americans can trace their ancestry to six distinct mothers.

To compensate for a rather lackluster post, the abstract may give you a bit more information,

“Only a limited number of complete mitochondrial genome sequences belonging to Native American haplogroups were available until recently, which left America as the continent with the least amount of information about sequence variation of entire mitochondrial DNAs. In this study, a comprehensive overview of all available complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes of the four pan-American haplogroups A2, B2, C1, and D1 is provided by revising the information scattered throughout GenBank and the literature, and adding 14 novel mtDNA sequences. The phylogenies of haplogroups A2, B2, C1, and D1 reveal a large number of sub-haplogroups but suggest that the ancestral Beringian population(s) contributed only six (successful) founder haplotypes to these haplogroups. The derived clades are overall starlike with coalescence times ranging from 18,000 to 21,000 years (with one exception) using the conventional calibration. The average of about 19,000 years somewhat contrasts with the corresponding lower age of about 13,500 years that was recently proposed by employing a different calibration and estimation approach. Our estimate indicates a human entry and spread of the pan-American haplogroups into the Americas right after the peak of the Last Glacial Maximum and comfortably agrees with the undisputed ages of the earliest Paleoindians in South America. In addition, the phylogenetic approach also indicates that the pathogenic status proposed for various mtDNA mutations, which actually define branches of Native American haplogroups, was based on insufficient grounds.”

    Achilli, A., Perego, U.A., Bravi, C.M., Coble, M.D., Kong, Q., Woodward, S.R., Salas, A., Torroni, A., Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V. (2008). The Phylogeny of the Four Pan-American MtDNA Haplogroups: Implications for Evolutionary and Disease Studies. PLoS ONE, 3(3), e1764. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001764

8 thoughts on “Nearly all of today’s Native Americans can trace their ancestry to six women

  1. What about the X haplogroup? Is that the seventh woman? Although this study goes a step further to resolving many issues, it is still using an extremely small sample size to define what a “population” is. But all of the dates seem to be converging right around 20,000 years ago for the genetic evidence.

  2. Earth is not more than 6,500 years old, stop with the anti-Bible chicanery and using arbitrary dating methods to stray from Goid.

  3. The universe is not more than 6,500 years old, stop with the arbitrary dating methods in order to pretend and delude yourselves into believing that the Bible is not true and that you have no obligation to obey God. You evolutionists are truly evil to deny the obvious flood the world was under, with even mountain tops containing sea fossils, and giant lake monsters, fish and shrimp stranged in small lakes that have no connection to the ocean. You’re truly deluded, stop denying the obvious.

  4. Hi, I have had my Mtdna tested and I am of the Haplo group H. I have a picture of an ancester which was my great, great, great, grandmother on my mother’s side that looks Native American Indian in her picture. She was from the Southwest corner of Tennessee and she was born in 1835. I was told by my relatives that my grandma was part Cherokee. I can’t tell if I am Indian from the test, but I have had numerous people say that my mom and sister looked Indian. I wish I could find out to know for sure.

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