A new study in Cell Research,suggests dogs were domesticated in Southeast Asia. The team sequenced the entire genomes of 12 gray wolves, 27 dogs indigenous to Asia and Africa and a collection of 19 diverse breeds from across the globe.
Their analysis reveals that there was two phases of dog domestication. Firstly, there was on began in China around 33,000 years ago. A second phase started 18,000 years later in which the dog spread around the world. Savolainen, one of the authors, stated
“We then found out that dogs from Southeast Asia stand out from all other dog populations, because they have the highest genetic diversity and are genetically closest to the wolf.”
Around 15,000 years ago, the dogs began migrating out of Southeast Asia towards Africa and the Middle East. They arrived in Europe around 10,000 years ago and gave rise to the modern assortment of dog breeds that we see today.