First Australians Arrived 65,000 years ago at Madjedbebe

We have covered the ongoing discussion of the peopling of Australia, or Sahul rather, since 2008, based upon both archaeological and genetic information, of which a hallmark 2016 genomic study of 400 Papua New Guineans suggested that modern Homo sapiens may have arrived in the region as late as 120,000 years ago. This groundbreaking study contrasted many old-school population scientists and... Continue Reading →

Modern Dogs Evolved From A Single Population of Wolves About 40,000 Years Ago

Research led by Krishna Veeramah at Stony Brook University on ancient DNA extracted from two 7,000-year-old and 4,700-year-old dog fossils discovered in Germany indicates modern dogs probably descended from just one population of wolves that lived continuously in Europe for millennia, sometime between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. They did this by counting the genetic differences, and estimating how... Continue Reading →

A Deeper Introgression Of Ancient Humans and Neanderthals

New ancient DNA discoveries from an ancient 124,000-year-old Neanderthal femur suggests modern human ancestors interbred with Neanderthals between 470,000 and 220,000 years ago. This is much earlier than previously thought. Cosimo Posth at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History led analysis of mitochondrial DNA from an ancient Neanderthal thigh bone discovered 80... Continue Reading →

The Krapina Neanderthals Used Toothpicks

Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology recently published discovery of multiple toothpick grooves on 130,000 year old Krapina Neanderthal teeth. David Frayer, professor emeritus of Anthropology at University of Kansas, who published the 2015 PLoS ONE study about a set of eagle talons jewelry is one of the study authors. The teeth and all the... Continue Reading →

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