Is Mrs Ples A Male Or Female Australopithecus africanus?

New research published in South African Journal of Science offers a continuation of the debate that 'Mrs Ples,' the 2.5 million year old Australopithecus africanus skull found in the Sterkfontein Caves in 1947, by paleontologist Dr. Robert Broom and his assistant, John Robinson, is actually a male. Soon after the two made their landmark discovery, Broom... Continue Reading →

The Krapina Neanderthals Used Toothpicks

Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology recently published discovery of multiple toothpick grooves on 130,000 year old Krapina Neanderthal teeth. David Frayer, professor emeritus of Anthropology at University of Kansas, who published the 2015 PLoS ONE study about a set of eagle talons jewelry is one of the study authors. The teeth and all the... Continue Reading →

A pair of 13,000-year-old incisors found contain the earliest known use of fillings – made out of bitumen, or asphalt/cement. This earliest example of dentistry we know to date. The teeth, two upper central incisors belonged to one person and were discovered at the Riparo Fredian site near Lucca in northern Italy. The results were... Continue Reading →

Why Do Women Have More Cavities?

Razib has chimed in on the latest piece of research to come from John Lukacs, "Fertility and Agriculture Accentuate Sex Differences in Dental Caries Rates," published in Current Anthropology. Throughout time, women have had more cavities on average than men. I've explained how cavities are formed in a previous post.  Diet change and sexual division... Continue Reading →

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