A Lost Baby Molar Is Currently Our Fourth and Oldest Known Denisovan Individual

A paper published this past Friday in the journal Science Advances, shared the reports from a team of paleoanthropologists who found the fourth Denisovan individual known to us. Viviane Slon, a doctoral candidate at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and lead author of the study, reported the finding in the form... Continue Reading →

A Deeper Introgression Of Ancient Humans and Neanderthals

New ancient DNA discoveries from an ancient 124,000-year-old Neanderthal femur suggests modern human ancestors interbred with Neanderthals between 470,000 and 220,000 years ago. This is much earlier than previously thought. Cosimo Posth at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History led analysis of mitochondrial DNA from an ancient Neanderthal thigh bone discovered 80... Continue Reading →

Many cultures existed in Europe about 40-45,000 years ago. About 42,000 years ago, in southern Europe, the Protoaurignacian developed and the culture that followed marked a turning point in modern humanity. They made the earliest instruments, the earliest art, and possibly the first representation of a human figure. It has been hard to conclusively prove that the Protoaurignacians... Continue Reading →

Neandertal Social Groups

Very rarely is an entire family group of hominins buried and fossilized at the same time. It is even rarer for paleoanthropologists to discover such an assemblage. Fortunately for science but unfortunately for the hominins, caves occasionally collapsed on entire social groups. At a site known as El Sidrón in Spain, excavations have been ongoing... Continue Reading →

Molecular Clocks Are Time-Dependent

If you're a regular reader of Dienekes blog, you'd know he's consistently raised concerns that calibrations of molecular clocks don't quite fit the bill. Yesterday, he posted an addendum and shared a new paper in which authors advocate that molecular clock can be calibrated upon an archaeological context (not phylogeny-based) and human mtDNA estimates of... Continue Reading →

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