Many cultures existed in Europe about 40-45,000 years ago. About 42,000 years ago, in southern Europe, the Protoaurignacian developed and the culture that followed marked a turning point in modern humanity. They made the earliest instruments, the earliest art, and possibly the first representation of a human figure. It has been hard to conclusively prove that the Protoaurignacians... Continue Reading →

A study published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology has for the first time analysed the fragments of three individuals found between '67 and '80 at the French site, Marillac, dating back 57,600 years ago. These are an incomplete diaphysis of a right radius, another of a left fibula and the majority of a right... Continue Reading →

A nearly complete fossilized Neandertal skeleton accidentally found in 1993 in a cave near Altamura, Italy is about 128,000 to 187,000 years old. Only the upside down skull and part of a shoulder were visible. The rest of the body is incorporated into calcite concretions. For six years researchers have been carefully working on studying... Continue Reading →

Krapina Neandertals may have manipulated white-tailed eagle talons to make jewelry 130,000 years ago, before the appearance of modern human in Europe, according to a study published March 11, 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by David Frayer from University of Kansas and colleagues from Croatia.

A Higher Than Average Risk Of Diabetes Among Mexicans Linked To Neandertal Introgression

Why do some populations have increased incidences of chronic disease? Why do blacks have hypertension more than whites? Why does a Mexican have 2.72 more the risk of having Type 2 Diabetes compared to a non-Hispanic person? A new paper published in Nature yesterday outlines a particularly interesting finding about rhetorical questions about metabolic disease... One that I'll... Continue Reading →

Are YOU a Neandertal?

In 2010 the draft genome for Neandertals was released by Svante Pääbo and colleagues. It was reported that European and Asian populations are between 1-4% Neandertal—but what percentage Neandertal are you? The company known as 23andMe recently released an analysis that claims to answer precisely this question. While personal genome sequencing has not yet hit... Continue Reading →

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