Modern Males Lack Neanderthal Y Chromosome Genes

Modern humans carry up to 4% Neanderthal DNA but a new paper reveals that the Neanderthal Y chromosome is distinct from any found in humans today. One would expect that since this ancient legacy of genomic DNA is present in modern day people it would also be present in the Y chromosome. Carlos Bustamante, from... Continue Reading →

A Revision On The Age Of The Hobbit

Discovered in 2003 in Liang Bua cave, Homo floresiensis stood about three and a half feet tall and weighed around 75 lbs. Because of their stature, they were nicknamed for the diminutive heroes in J.R.R. Tolkien's famous novels. The discovery team originally estimated that these 'halflings' lived as recently as 12,000 years ago, which would... Continue Reading →

Australopithecus East of the Great Rift Valley

Late last month, an international team of paleontologists led by Emma Mbua of Mount Kenya University and Masato Nakatsukasa of Kyoto University reported the findings of fossilized teeth and forearm bone from an adult male and two infant A. afarensis from an exposure eroded by the Kantis River in Ongata-Rongai, a settlement in the outskirts... Continue Reading →

There have been great debates about the lineage of Homo floresiensis. A new unpublished study in the Journal of Human Evolution used imaging to re-examine the layers of the Liang Bua 1 (nicknamed LB1) skull. lead author Antoine Balzeau, a scientist at France's Natural History Museum and Philippe Charlier, a physician and anthropologist at Paris-Descartes... Continue Reading →

Blombos Cave is an important site discovered in the '90's. It is about 300 km east of Cape Town, South Africa and has yielded phenomenal Middle Stone Age deposits dated at between 100,000 and 70,000 years ago as well as Later Stone Age sequence dated at between 2,000 and 300 years. A new paper in... Continue Reading →

Researchers from the University of Cambridge Leverhulme Center for Human Evolutionary Studies have published the findings of the remains of 27 hunter–gatherers were unearthed in a remote part of Kenya called Nataruk near Lake Turkana in 2012 —many of whom, based on the startling state of their bony remnants, died horrifically violent deaths, in this... Continue Reading →

Decoding The Origins Of Ötzi’s Gut Flora

In Science this week, researchers have reported they have reconstructed the entire genome of the H. pylori that lived in Ötzi's gut and the results give us an interesting picture into the peopling of Europe approximately 5,000 years ago. Most H. pylori lives harmlessly in our stomachs. Sometimes this bug can cause ulcers and stomach cancer.... Continue Reading →

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