World’s Oldest Cave Art Made By Neanderthals

In two new studies, published yesterday in Science and Science Advances, researchers Alistair Pike, an archaeologist at the University of Southampton, João Zilhão, a University of Barcelona archaeologist and Dirk Hoffmann, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology who specializes in dating minerals lay out the case that 65,000 year old murals and 115,000 year old... Continue Reading →

Neanderthals Used Penicillin and Aspirin To Treat Ailments

Laura Weyrich, a paleomicrobiologist at the University of Adelaide in Australia, and colleagues cleaned off the hardened plaque from the teeth of five Neanderthals found in Belgium and Spain and one from Italy. The samples are dated from 42,000 to 50,000 years ago. They popped off bits of ancient dental plaque, then sequenced the DNA... Continue Reading →

Zooarchaeological Analysis Of Animal Remains From Vanguard & Gorham’s Caves In Gibraltar

Zooarchaeology is an anthropological sub-discipline which focuses on studying animal remains from archaeological sites. Animal remains can tell us a lot of about prehistoric peoples' diets and behavioral tendencies as well as the ecological makeup of the area. A new PNAS paper investigates the zooarchaeological record of two Neandertal sites in Gibraltar, Vanguard and Gorham's... Continue Reading →

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